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On-Line In-Situ Diagnostics of Processes Within PEM Fuel Cells by Raman Spectroscopy

[+] Author Affiliations
Hans Bettermann, Peter Fischer

Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany

Paper No. FuelCell2010-33320, pp. 163-168; 6 pages
  • ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2010 8th International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: Volume 1
  • Brooklyn, New York, USA, June 14–16, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4404-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3875-4
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


This contribution intends to show how Raman spectroscopy can be used to pursue processes inside PEM fuel cells. For this, two experimental setups have been worked out. At first a microscope objective was inserted into one bipolar plate. This enabled the detection of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, vaporous and liquid water as well as changes in gas compositions and water distribution induced by an artificial pinhole within the MEA. A multiple-fiber Raman spectrometer with seven twin fibers was then developed to refine the look inside fuel cells. This setup permits the simultaneous record of gas compositions, liquid water and water vapor and how those species do change locally during operation. Beside the collection of data for modelling fuel cell processes, the multiple-fiber setup is primarily considered to monitor degradation processes and pre-stages of membrane damages.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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