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Axial Transonic Rotor and Stage Behavior Near the Stability Limit

[+] Author Affiliations
Anthony J. Gannon, Garth V. Hobson, William L. Davis

Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA

Paper No. GT2010-23713, pp. 2725-2734; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23713
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Transient casing pressure data from a transonic rotor and rotor-stator stage measured using high-speed pressure probes embedded in the casewall over the rotor tips is analyzed. Using long data sets sampled at a high frequency, low-frequency (less than once-per-revolution) non-axisymmetric flow phenomena were detected while operating at steady-state conditions near stall. Both the rotor and stage cases are investigated and the difference in behavior of a rotor with and without a stator blade row is investigated. Data for both cases over the speed range 70–100% of design and from choke to near the stability limit (stall or surge) is presented. The root mean square power of the low-frequency signal as well as its fraction of the total pressure signal is presented. It was thought that the behavior of these signals as stall was approached could lead to some method of detecting the proximity of stall. For the rotor-only configuration the strength of these non-axisymmetric phenomena increased as stall was approached for all speed-lines. However for the stage configuration, more representative of an operational machine, these were of a lower magnitude and did not exhibit a clearly increasing trend as stall was approached. This would seem to indicate that the stator suppressed these signals somewhat. It is also shown that these non-axisymmetric phenomena led to a significant variation of the mean relative inlet flow angle into the rotor blade. During stable operation near to stall at 100% speed for the rotor-only case a 1.9° variation of this angle was measured. This compared with a 5.6° variation over the entire speed line. Further it was observed that while the rotor and stage cases had different stability limits their peak relative inlet flow angles near stall were similar for both along most speed-lines.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Stability , Rotors

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