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Numerical Study on Unsteadiness of Tip Clearance Flow Induced by Downstream Stator Row in Axial Compressor

[+] Author Affiliations
Yoojun Hwang, Shin-Hyoung Kang

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Sungryoung Lee

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction Co., Ltd., Daejeon, Korea

Paper No. GT2010-23024, pp. 2553-2560; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Numerical calculations were done to investigate unsteady flows through the tip clearance in an axial compressor. The first stage of a low speed research axial compressor with an inlet guide vane was examined after it had been confirmed that the numerically calculated performance data was in good agreement with the experimentally measured performance data. Special attention was paid to the flow during the operation of the compressor when the flow rate was low to study the flow behavior near stall. The estimated performance and the flow pattern of the compressor were found to be related to the unsteadiness of the tip leakage flow altered by the potential effect from the downstream stator row blades. It was shown that the unsteady flow calculations are necessary to predict the performance of an axial compressor, in particular, for low flow rates. On the other hand, rotating instability vortices developed due to unsteady tip leakage flow as the flow rate decreased. It was found that the flow structures corresponding to the rotating instability were merging as the flow rate decreased and the speed of the rotating instability varied with the operating conditions. Consequently, this leads to a non-synchronous vibration frequency.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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