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A CFD and Experimental Investigation of Unsteady Wake Effects on a Highly Loaded Low Pressure Turbine Blade at Low Reynolds Number

[+] Author Affiliations
Darius D. Sanders, Chase A. Nessler, Rolf Sondergaard, Marc D. Polanka, Christopher Marks, Mitch Wolff

U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, OH

Walter F. O’Brien

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. GT2010-22977, pp. 2511-2523; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22977
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The flowfield of the L1A low pressure (LP) turbine blade subjected to traversing upstream wakes was experimentally and computationally investigated at an inlet Reynolds number of 25,000. The L1A profile is a high-lift aft-loaded low pressure turbine blade design. The profile was designed to separate at low Reynolds numbers making it an ideal airfoil for use in flow separation control studies. This study applied a new two-dimensional CFD model to the L1A LP turbine blade design using a three-equation eddy-viscosity type transitional flow model developed by Walters and Leylek. Velocity field measurements were obtained by two-dimensional planer particle image velocimetry, and comparisons were made to the CFD predictions using the Walters and Leylek [13] k-kL -ω transitional flow model and the Menter’s [24] k-ω(SST) model. Hotwire measurements and pressure coefficient distributions were also used to compare each model’s ability to predict the wake produced from the wake generator, and the loading on the L1A LP turbine blade profile with unsteady wakes. These comparisons were used to determine which RANS CFD model could better predict the unsteady L1A blade flowfield at low inlet Reynolds number. This research also provided further characterization of the Walters and Leylek transitional flow model for low Reynolds number aerodynamic flow prediction in low pressure turbine blades.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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