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Numerical Simulation of Flow Instabilities in High Speed Multistage Compressors

[+] Author Affiliations
Huan Zhang, Jun Hu, Baofeng Tu, Zhiqiang Wang

Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Paper No. GT2010-22276, pp. 2373-2382; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22276
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In the present paper, a nonlinear multi “actuator disk” model is proposed to analyze the dynamic behavior of flow instabilities, including rotating stall and surge, in high speed multistage axial compressors. The model describes the duct flow fields using two dimensional, compressible and unsteady Euler equations, and accounts for the influences of downstream plenum and throttle in the system as well. It replaces each blade row of multistage compressors with a disk. For numerical calculations, the time marching procedure, using MacCormack two steps scheme, is used. The main purpose of this paper is to predict the mechanism of two dimensional short wavelength rotating stall inception, the interaction between blade rows in high speed multistage compressors and the influence of rotating inlet distortion on the stability. It has been demonstrated that the model has the ability to predict those phenomena, and the results show that some system parameters have a strong effect on the stall features as well. Results for a five stage high speed compressor are analyzed in detail, and comparison with the experimental data demonstrates that the model and calculating results are reliable.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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