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Fatigue Life Extension of Steam Turbine Alloys Using Low Plasticity Burnishing (LPB)

[+] Author Affiliations
Paul S. Prevéy, Nayarananan Jayaraman

Lambda Research, Inc., Cincinnati, OH

Ravi Ravindranath

NAVAIR, Patuxent River, MD

Paper No. GT2010-22995, pp. 2277-2287; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22995
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Low Plasticity Burnishing (LPB) dramatically improves the damage tolerance of titanium alloy blades, mitigating blade-disk dovetail fretting and blade edge damage in gas turbines. LPB surface treatment of martensitic stainless steels Alloy 450 and 17-4PH subject to corrosion fatigue and pitting in the low-pressure sections of stream turbines has now been investigated. Condensation in the low-pressure steam turbine environment supports corrosion pitting and corrosion fatigue in martensitic stainless steels, primary failure mechanisms driving steam turbine repair and operational expense. Chloride corrosion fatigue results with and without high kf surface damage are compared for LPB, shot peened, and machined 17-4PH; and for ground and LPB treated Alloy 450. The depth and magnitude of compression achieved by the surface treatments are documented. LPB increased the undamaged fatigue strength of 17-4PH by 30% in neutral salt solution, and of Alloy 450 in acidic salt by 50%. In both alloys LPB mitigated damage to the 1 mm depth of compression. The cyclic stress corrosion component of corrosion fatigue was eliminated by the deep LPB compression, effectively restoring the endurance limit lost in active corrosion fatigue in both alloys.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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