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The Influence of Cooling Flows on the Operating Conditions of the Ultra-Supercritical Steam Turbine Components

[+] Author Affiliations
Wojciech Kosman

Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Paper No. GT2010-22706, pp. 2227-2235; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


This paper presents the results of the analysis on the heat transfer in the inlet section of an ultra-supercritical steam turbine. Such power generating units become the foundation of new coal-fired power plants. The monitoring of their operation is in many aspects similar to the traditional, sub-critical steam turbines. However, higher live and reheat steam parameters result in several key differences, which must be taken into the consideration when assessing the thermal and strength states of the turbines main components for the diagnostic supervision. One of the main differences is the presence of the cooling and designs specific for ultra-supercritical steam turbines, which aim to protect their components against overheating. The research described in this paper investigates the inlet section of the turbines, which is the area exposed to the highest thermal loads. The scope of the research includes both, numerical modeling and laboratory testing. A test stand has been built for the analysis of the flows in the inlet section. Cooling flows are under special attention here as their temperature field is coupled to the temperature fields of the turbine components (the rotor and the inner casing) due to the relatively small amount of the coolant. The paper provides detailed description of the test stand and some early measurement results, which involve the operation with cooling. Also the numerical modeling results are shown and compared to the measurement data.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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