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Novel IGV Designs for Centrifugal Compressors and Their Interaction With the Impeller

[+] Author Affiliations
Arman Mohseni, Erik Goldhahn, Joerg R. Seume

Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany

René A. Van den Braembussche

von Kármán Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Sint-Genesius-Rode, Belgium

Paper No. GT2010-23048, pp. 2019-2029; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23048
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In centrifugal compressors, variable inlet guide vanes (IGVs) are used to control the mass flow rate with negligible change in pressure ratio and shaft speed. The efficient operation of IGVs is limited to the range of aerodynamic stability of their vane profiles. Thin symmetric profiles, which are usually used, tend to exhibit flow separation already at low setting angles, resulting in a rapid decrease of the global efficiency. Three different guide vane profiles including a symmetric reference, a two-piece tandem profile with variable angle, and an s-cambered, together with two auxiliary profiles were considered. These variants were numerically and experimentally investigated at different setting angles, covering negative and positive inlet swirl and at different operating points. The results show that tandem and s-cambered vanes have superior aerodynamic performance in comparison with the symmetric reference profile and extend the operating range of the compressor over which the efficiency remains high. The tandem profile shows better aerodynamic performance than the s-cambered profile at negative inlet swirl, while the asymmetric s-cambered profile offers an extended range of high efficiency at positive preswirl. Considering manufacturing requirements and cost, the s-cambered profile is preferred for applications with positive preswirl.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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