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Computational Study of Geometric Parameter Influence on Aggressive Inter-Turbine Duct Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Paul T. Couey, Craig W. McKeever, Malak F. Malak

Honeywell Aerospace, Phoenix, AZ

S. Balamurugan, H. Raju Veeraraghava, R. Dhinagaran

Honeywell Technology Solutions, Bangalore, India

Paper No. GT2010-23604, pp. 1647-1656; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23604
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Modern direct-drive turbofan engines typically have the fan turbine designed at significantly higher diameter than the gas producer turbine. Furthermore, the gas turbine industry is being pushed to shorten engine length with the goal of reducing weight. This results in a need to design very aggressive inter-turbine-ducts (ITD’s) that have high endwall slopes. The gas turbine design cycle typically begins with conceptual design where many engine configuration iterations are made. During conceptual design, there usually is little firm geometric definition or time for detailed CFD studies on aggressive ITD’s. This can cause a large amount of risk to the engine development schedule and cost if the space allocated for the ITD during conceptual design is found to be insufficient later in the design cycle. Therefore, simple analytical tools for accurately assessing the risk of an ITD in conceptual design are important. The gas turbine industry is familiar with the Sovran and Klomp annular diffuser performance chart [1] as a conceptual design tool for assessing ITD’s. However, its applicability to modern gas turbine ducts with high endwall slope is limited. The location of the maximum pressure recovery for a given length, the Cp* line, considers only two geometric parameters: area ratio and normalized length. The chart makes no distinction of risk of flow separation regarding the level of slope or the pitch-wise turning in the duct. However, intuition would suggest that a high slope duct would have more risk of separation than an equivalent area ratio duct with low slope. Similarly, a duct that turns the flow from axial to radial would be expected to be riskier than a pure axial duct. To help assess the interaction of duct slope and pitch-wise turning with area ratio and length, an analytical Design of Experiments (DOE) was run using approximately sixty different duct configurations. The DOE was carried out using 3D, steady CFD analysis. The results of the DOE are presented with insights provided into how the Cp* line may shift as a function of duct slope. Of particular interest is that slope by itself does not work particularly well as a risk indicator. However, a combination of new area ratio-length and slope-length parameters was found to segregate ducts between separated and non-separated cases.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Turbines , Ducts

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