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Performance of a Nozzle Guide Vane in Subsonic and Transonic Regimes Tested in an Annular Sector

[+] Author Affiliations
Tolga Yasa

von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode-Saint-Genèse, Belgium

Guillermo Paniagua

von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode-Saint-Genèse, elgium

Jens Fridh, Damian Vogt

Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

Paper No. GT2010-22901, pp. 1457-1467; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22901
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The understanding of shock interactions and mixing phenomena is crucial to design and analysis of advanced turbines. A nozzle guide vane (NGV) is experimentally investigated at subsonic and transonic off-design conditions (M2is of 0.6 and 0.95) in an annular sector at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH). The effect of cooling ejection (3% of main stream mass flow rate) on the downstream flow field is also studied. The airfoil loading is monitored with pneumatic taps. The downstream pressure field is characterized at four different axial locations using a 5-hole probe and a total pressure probe that contains a single piezo-resistive transducer. The probe with a piezo resistive transducer is also used as a virtual 3-hole probe to measure the flow angle. The time-averaged yaw angle measured with the virtual 3-hole probe is in agreement with the 5-hole probe data. At subsonic conditions the wake causes a pressure loss of 7% of the upstream total pressure and covers 25% of the pitch whereas the pressure deficit is doubled in transonic operation. The coolant ejection results in an additional loss of 2% of the upstream total pressure. The flow speed does not have a significant effect on the wake width at 7% Cax . However, the low pressure region has different width at far downstream depending on the flow velocity. The fillet at the hub region has a significant effect on the secondary flow development. The frequency spectrums at the different conditions clearly reveal the shear layers. The results aim to help the characterization of mixing phenomena downstream of the NGV.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Nozzles

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