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Parametrical Investigation of Turbine Stages With Open Tip Clearance for the Purpose of Stage Efficiency Increase

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrei Granovskiy, Mikhail Kostege, Nikolay Lomakin

Alstom Power, Moscow, Russia

Paper No. GT2010-22876, pp. 1425-1432; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22876
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by Alstom Technology, Ltd.

abstract

The aerodynamic loss due to tip leakage vortex of rotor blades represents a significant part of viscous losses in axial flow turbines. The mixing of leakage flow with the main rotor passage flow causes losses and reduces turbine stage efficiency. Many measures have been proposed to reduce the loss in the tip clearance area. In this paper the reduction of the tip clearance loss due to changes made to the blade tip section profile is presented. The blade tip profile was modified to decrease the pressure gradient between pressure surface and suction surface. This approach allows the reduction of tip leakage and tip vortex strength and consequently the reduction of tip clearance losses. A 3D Navier-Stokes solver with q-ω turbulence model is used to analyze the flow in the turbine with various tip section profiles. Test data of three single-stage experimental turbines have been used to validate analytical predictions: • Highly loaded turbine stage with a pressure ratio π0T = 3.2 and reaction degree ρmean = 0.5. • Two turbines with a pressure ratio π0T = 3.9. (One with high degree of reaction ρmean = 0.55; the other with low degree of reaction ρmean = 0.26). The numerical investigation of the influence of various tip section profiles on stage efficiency was carried out in the range of relative tip clearance 0.5%–2.4% with the objective of a decreasing the influence of the tip clearance on the stage efficiency.

Copyright © 2010 by Alstom Technology, Ltd.

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