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Impact of the Inflow Conditions on the Heavy-Duty Gas Turbine Exhaust Diffusers Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Vladimir Vassiliev, Stefan Irmisch

Alstom Power, Baden, Switzerland

Samer Abdel-Wahab

Alstom Power, West Palm Beach, FL

Andrey Granovskiy

Alstom Power, Moscow, Russia

Paper No. GT2010-22840, pp. 1401-1412; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by Alstom Technology, Ltd.


The flow in exhaust diffusers along with the channel geometry strongly depends on the inflow conditions, including Mach number level, total pressure distribution, flow angle, and turbulence. In the first part of this paper, the impact of these parameters is analyzed using CFD, experimental data from the test rig and field measurements. A widespread opinion is that the optimal condition for the diffuser is an axial uniform inflow. However, it is shown in this paper that non-uniform pressure distribution as compared to a uniform one can lead to better diffuser performance and that moderate residual swirl can improve the performance as well. In the second part of the paper, the minimization of exhaust losses in heavy-duty gas turbines is discussed and illustrated by two practical examples.

Copyright © 2010 by Alstom Technology, Ltd.



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