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Improving the Interaction Between Leakage Flows and Main Flow in a Low Pressure Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Inga Mahle

MTU Aero Engines GmbH, Munich, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22448, pp. 1177-1186; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22448
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

A large part of the losses caused by leakage flows through cavities in turbines are mixing losses. They arise when the leakage flow — after passing through the cavity — is re-entering into the mainflow. In the zone of re-entering, the velocity components of the mainflow differ from those of the leakage flow, since the former has passed the precedent airfoil, where it has been accelerated and turned, while the latter has not. This leads to shear stresses which cause increased turbulence and losses. This paper presents a numerical investigation of a device which reduces the mixing losses caused by the leakage flows through inner cavities of a low pressure turbine to 63% of their original value. The device is situated close to the rear openings of the cavities and a large part of the leakage flow is passing through it. The leakage flow is turned and accelerated by the device in a way that brings its velocity components closer to the velocity components of the mainflow. This reduces the mixing losses considerably compared to cavity flows without turning devices. An increase in efficiency of the low pressure turbine of about 0.1% can be noticed. This paper presents numerical results of steady 3D simulations of a three-stage low pressure turbine with a pressure ratio of approximately 3.5. Results with an ideal flow path (no cavities), with inner cavities without turning device and with inner cavities with turning device are compared. Radial distributions of characteristic quantities (turbulent kinetic energy, circumferential velocity etc.) show that these quantities evaluated with cavities with turning device are much closer to the ideal flow path quantities than without. By subtracting the solution with turning device from the one without, the regions where mixing losses are reduced are identified.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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