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The Performance of a Generic Non-Axisymmetric End Wall in a Single Stage, Rotating Turbine at On and Off-Design Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Glen Snedden, Dwain Dunn

CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa

Grant Ingram, David Gregory-Smith

Durham University, Durham, UK

Paper No. GT2010-22006, pp. 1069-1080; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22006
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The application of non-axisymmetric end walls in turbine stages has gained wide spread acceptance as a means to improve the performance of turbines in both power generation and aero-derivative applications. Non-axisymmetric end walls are aimed at the control of secondary flows and to a large extent have been developed through the use of computational fluid dynamics and detailed measurements in linear and annular cascades and proven in full scale engine tests. Little or no literature is available describing their performance at conditions other than design. This study utilises 5-hole probe measurements in a low speed, model turbine in conjunction with computational fluid dynamics to gain a more detailed understanding of the influence of a generic end wall design on the structure of secondary flows at both on and off-design flow conditions. Results indicate a 0.4% improvement in rotor efficiency at design but this was reduced at off design and at higher loading the rotor efficiency was reduced by 0.5%. Stage efficiencies were improved for all conditions but with a declining trend as load was increased. Experimental and CFD results are examined to investigate these findings further.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Design , Turbines

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