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Numerical Benchmark of Turbulence Modeling in Gas Turbine Rotor-Stator System

[+] Author Affiliations
Riccardo Da Soghe, Luca Innocenti, Antonio Andreini

University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Sébastien Poncet

Laboratoire M2P2, Marseille, France

Paper No. GT2010-22627, pp. 771-783; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22627
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Accurate design of the secondary air system is one of the main tasks for reliability and performance of gas turbine engines. The selection of a suitable turbulence model for the study of rotor-stator cavity flows, which remains an open issue in the literature, is here addressed for several operating conditions. A numerical benchmark of turbulence models is indeed proposed in the case of rotor-stator disk flows with and without superimposed throughflow. The predictions obtained by the means of several two equation turbulence models available within the CFD solver Ansys CFX 12.0 are compared with those previously evaluated by Poncet et al. (1; 2) through the Reynolds Stress Model (RSM) of Elena and Schiestel (3; 4) implemented in a proprietary finite volume code. The standard k-ε and k-ω SST models including high and low Reynolds approaches, have been used for all calculations presented here. Furthermore, some tests were performed using the innovative k-ω SST-CC and k-ω SST-RM models that take into account the curvature effects via the Spalart-Shur correction term (5) and the reattachement modification proposed by Menter (6) respectively. The numerical calculations have been compared to extensive velocity and pressure measurements performed on the test rig of the IRPHE’s laboratory in Marseilles (1; 2). Several configurations, covering a large range of real engine operating conditions, were considered. The influence of the typical non dimensional flow parameters (Reynolds number and flowrate coefficient) on the flow structure is studied in detail. In the case of an enclosed cavity, the flow exhibits a Batchelor-like structure with two turbulent boundary layers separated by a laminar rotating core. When an inward axial throughflow is superimposed, the flow remains of Batchelor type with a core rotating faster than the disk because of conservation of the angular momentum. In this case, turbulence intensities are mainly confined close to the stator. Turbulence models based on a low Reynolds approach provide better overall results for the mean and turbulent fields especially within the very thin boundary layers. The standard k-ω SST model offers the best trade-off between accuracy and computational cost for the parameters considered here. In the case of an outward throughflow, the k-ω SST in conjunction with a low Reynolds approach and RSM models provide similar results and predict quite well the transition from the Batchelor to the Stewartson structures.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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