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Study of Tip Flows in High Hub-to-Tip Ratio Axial Compressors at Low Speed With Varying Tip Gaps, Inflow Conditions and Tip Shapes

[+] Author Affiliations
Bhaskar Roy, A. M. Pradeep, A. Suzith, Dinesh Bhatia, Aditya Mulmule

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai, India

Paper No. GT2010-22092, pp. 49-62; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22092
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The present study involves simulation of a single compressor rotor with a high hub-to-tip ratio blade. The study includes the effect of variation of tip gap, of tip shapes and of inlet axial velocity profiles, with inflows simulated similar to that of a typical rear stage environment of a multi-stage axial compressor. Numerical studies were carried out on a baseline rotor blade (without sweep or dihedral) and then on blades with sweep and dihedral applied at the tip region of the rotor. Simulation of these part-span sweep and dihedral shapes are done to study their effects on blade tip leakage flow. Results show that sweep and dihedral, in some cases, produce favorable tip flows, improving blade aerodynamics. Positive dihedral caused weakening of tip leakage vortex at design point as well as at peak pressure point. Negative dihedral may help postpone stall at the high pressure, low flow operation. Backward sweep weakened tip vortex at the design point. Contrary to some of the studies reported earlier forward sweep, when applied at the tip region, showed performance deterioration over the most of the operating range of the high hub-to-tip rotor.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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