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The Influence of Tip Clearance on the Acoustic and Aerodynamic Characteristics of Fans

[+] Author Affiliations
Sascha Karstadt, Michael Hess, Berthold Matyschok, Peter F. Pelz

Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22082, pp. 39-47; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4402-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


In addition to developing fans as aerodynamically efficient as possible, acoustic optimization gains more and more importance for the purpose of reducing fan noise exposure. In order to combine good aerodynamic properties with a silent fan, this experimental research investigates the acoustic and aerodynamic characteristics of an axial fan. In this case, a fan with skewed blades is tested in view of its aerodynamic efficiency and noise exposure in dependence on its tip clearance and stagger angle. For this purpose, six different stagger angles and five tip clearance gaps per angle were measured in a fan test rig (according to ISO 5136). Interpretation of the recorded data shows a clear trend toward higher aerodynamic efficiency and less noise with a down-sizing of the tip clearance gap. As the cost of manufacture rises with the decrease of the tip clearance, the efficiency of these measures can be calculated with the results of this study under consideration of aerodynamic and acoustic aspects.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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