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Evaluation of High-Order Resonance of Blade Under Wake Excitation

[+] Author Affiliations
Lin Li, Peiyi Wang

Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2010-23148, pp. 995-1001; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23148
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4401-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Avoiding the low-order resonances of blades is one of the main design goals for a mechanical structure designer of turbo machinery. However, we have to accept that there are resonance frequencies in the operating speed range of the blade, for the following reasons: Firstly, the natural frequencies of the blade are closely spaced sometimes, it is impossible to avoid them all. Secondly, in general, the higher of the resonance frequency, the lower the energy of resonance will be. But in recent 10 years, the high-order blade resonances present more and more frequently in turbo machinery, which induce a lot of HCF problems. As the considerations above, studies on the high-order vibration of blades become necessary and important. In the cascade, the high-order vibration of blades is mainly induced by the wakes from upstream. An obvious difference of the wake excitation from the common excitations resides in its asynchronism, that is, the maximum value of aerodynamic force from wakes at each point doesn’t appear at the same time, because except the frequency, the distribution of the aerodynamic force field depends on two parameters: not only amplitude but also phase angle. Both are functions of coordinates. In this paper, the related position in Euclidean Space between the asynchronous excitation field and the modal displacement of blade were deal with to evaluate the strength of the high-order resonance of blade. The effect of the asynchronous aerodynamic force field on the blade resonance was studied either. Finally a method for evaluation of high-order resonance of blade excited by wake fluid is proposed. A numerical case was studied either, which demonstrates that the proposed evaluation on high-order resonance is practical in engineering problem.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Resonance , Wakes , Blades

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