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Experimental and Numerical Investigations of HPC Blisks With a Focus on Travelling Waves

[+] Author Affiliations
Ulrik Strehlau, Arnold Kühhorn

Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Cottbus, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22463, pp. 865-877; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22463
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4401-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The motivation for the usage and a further development of blade integrated disk (blisk) technology is driven by a rising demand for efficient, economical and environment-friendly aero engines. In contrast to conventional bladed disks with separated blade and disk design, blisks are either manufactured from solid or disk and blades are assembled by friction welding. Due to an optimized stress distribution, the integrated design leads to potentially higher maximum rotational speeds of the HP-shaft and thus to an improved pressure ratio. This fact offers the opportunity to reduce the number of blades or even to save whole compressor stages. In order that a significant mass-reduction is achieved, which is increased since heavy blade-disk connections of the conventional design are not necessary anymore. Apart from the advantages of the integrated design, the vibration behaviour of a real blisk is more sophisticated compared to the conventional bladed disk design. Due to the very low mechanical damping, effects like mode-localization and amplitude magnification can lead to high cycle fatigue problems of such complex structures. Extensive experimental and numerical investigations are carried out considering a real rotor-stage 1 blisk of the Rolls-Royce E3E/1 demonstrator-HPC. In order to identify “blade individual frequencies” and “blade individual damping”- values, a new patented blade by blade measurement method is used, that provides FRFs characterized by an unique resonance, as known from SDOF-systems. Based on the adjusted FE-model, numerical and experimental investigations of the vibration behaviour in the frequency range of splitted double eigenvalues are carried out. In doing so the expressions “travelling wave” and “standing waves” are commonly used to characterize the eigenmodes and forced modes of vibration respectively. The splitting of eigenvalues could be proved and a novel criterion to distinguish travelling and standing waves is introduced.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Waves

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