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Effect of Blade Geometry and Foreign Object Kinetic Energy on Blades Damage

[+] Author Affiliations
Mickhail S. Nikhamkin, Leonid V. Voronov, Irina V. Semenova

Perm State Technical University, Perm, Russia

Paper No. GT2010-22425, pp. 505-510; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22425
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4401-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

One of the main reasons of engine failure is foreign object damage (FOD) of compressor blades. Engine manufactures are constantly searching for blade endurance increasing methods. The problem solution requires investigation in the field of the structural factor effects on the blade damageability. The paper describes numerical analysis method of the damage process. Based on “the typical damage case” concept, this method can simulate typical blade damages: dents, tears, notches. The numerical analysis is performed by the finite element method (FEM). Material behavior is described with an elastic-plastic strain rate dependent model. Blade damage numerical model is thoroughly verified by the results of special experiments. To implement the experimental modeling, actual blades were damaged, a special experimental setup based on a pneumatic gun being used. The foreign object kinematic parameters before and after the impact, a blade leading edge displacements and residual deformation fields registered in the experiment are used as verification criteria for the numerical model. The blade leading edge thickness and a foreign object energy effect on the blade damageability is investigated. The research showed there are some foreign object kinetic energy critical values at which the damage mechanism and type are changed.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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