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Force Feedback Control for Active Stabilization of Synchronous Whirl Orbits in Rotor Systems With Non-Linear Stiffness Elements

[+] Author Affiliations
Matthew O. T. Cole, Chakkapong Chamroon, Prinya Ngamprapasom

Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Paper No. GT2010-23246, pp. 373-382; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23246
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4401-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Synchronous vibration in rotor systems having bearings, seals or other elements with non-linear stiffness characteristics is prone to amplitude jump when operating close to critical speeds as there may be two or more possible whirl responses for a given unbalance condition. This paper describes research on the use of active control methods for eliminating this potentially undesirable behavior. A control scheme based on direct feedback of rotor-stator interaction forces is considered. Model based conditions for stability of low amplitude whirl, derived using Lyapunov’s direct method, are used as a basis for synthesizing controller gains. Subsidiary requirements for existence of a static feedback control law that can achieve stabilization are also explained. An experimental validation is undertaken on a flexible rotor test rig where non-linear rotorstator contact interaction can occur across a small radial clearance in one transverse plane. A single radial active magnetic bearing is used to apply control forces in a separate transverse plane. The experiments confirm the conditions under which static feedback of the measured interaction force can prevent degenerate whirl responses so that the low amplitude contact-free orbit is the only possible steady-state response. The gain synthesis method leads to controllers that are physically realizable and can eliminate amplitude jump over a range of running speeds.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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