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Film Cooling Effectiveness Comparison Between Shaped- and Double Jet Film Cooling Holes in a Row Arrangement

[+] Author Affiliations
Karsten Kusterer, Anas Elyas

B&B-AGEMA GmbH, Aachen, Germany

Dieter Bohn

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Takao Sugimoto, Ryozo Tanaka, Masahide Kazari

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Akashi, Japan

Paper No. GT2010-22604, pp. 1503-1515; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22604
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The improvement of the thermal efficiency of modern gas turbines can be achieved by reducing the needed cooling air amount. Consequently it is required to increase the cooling efficiency of applied cooling technologies. Streamwise ejection from a cylindrical hole causes kidney vortices which transport hot gas underneath the cooling jet and leads the cooling jet to lift off from the surface. Cooling performance is highly increased by using the shaped hole technique, which weakens the kidney vortex structure. However the formation of secondary flows can not completely be avoided by using shaped holes instead of cylindrical holes. Another promising film cooling technology is the double-jet film cooling, which prevents the cooling jet from lifting off the surface and raises the lateral spreading of the cooling air by generating an anti kidney vortex. This paper presents a comparison of the film cooling effectiveness between the shaped film cooling technique and the novel double jet film cooling technique for the high blowing ratios M = 1, M = 1.5 and M = 2. Various geometries of fan-shaped holes with lateral expansion angles of 10°, 14° and 18° are used for the comparison study. It can be shown that the shaped hole row arrangement provides higher cooling values in a slight region near to the hole exits, while the double jet film cooling technique shows a obvious cooling advantage in the further downstream area for high blowing ratios. Furthermore recent results of an on-going experimental comparison study between the double jet, trench and cylindrical technique are presented, which proves the advantage capability of the double jet film cooling.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Cooling

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