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Film Cooling Performance of the Embedded Holes in Trenches With Compound Angles

[+] Author Affiliations
Jia Li, Jing Ren, Hongde Jiang

Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2010-22337, pp. 1415-1424; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22337
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Film cooling performance for a row of cylindrical holes can be enhanced by embedding the row in a suitable transverse slot. The compound angle of the holes can even more affects the cooling performance at downstream of the injections. In this study the cooling performance of the embedded holes in transverse trenches with different compound angles are explored both by pressure sensitive paint (PSP) experiment technology and RANS algorithm. A film cooling test rig was built up in Tsinghua University, which contains an accelerating free stream section to model the surface of a turbine airfoil. The PSP technology is applied in the tests to obtain the film cooling effectiveness. The experiments are performed for a single mainstream Reynolds number based on free-stream velocity and film hole diameter of 4000. Considering three compound angles, 0°, 45° and 90°, and with or without transverse trenches. All six cases are tested at three different coolant-to-mainstream blowing ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5. Meanwhile, the test cases are numerically simulated based on RANS with k-ε turbulence model to show the detail of the flow patterns. Both the experimental and numerical results show that the adiabatic film effectiveness is relative insensitive to the blowing ratio in the case of holes with trenches. Moreover, it could be improved with a more uniform spanwise distribution. It is mainly due to the blockage of the ejected coolant at the downstream edge of the trench, which forces a portion of the cooling air to spread laterally within the trench prior to issuing onto the upper surface. Both 45° and 90° compound angles can further enhance the film cooling effectiveness over the axial ejection, this is mainly due to the lateral momentum component of the ejection. A lateral passage vortex is formed inside the trench which strengthens the lateral spreading of the jets. The 45° compound angle gives a higher film cooling effectiveness overall.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Cooling

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