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A Parametric Study on the Effect of Sister Hole Location on Active Film Cooling Flow Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Marc J. Ely, B. A. Jubran

Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. GT2010-22060, pp. 1301-1311; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22060
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents an investigation on the effect of sister holes on film cooling. The proposed technique surrounds a primary injection hole by two or four smaller sister holes to actively maintain flow adhesion along the surface of the blade. A numerical evaluation using the realizable k-ε turbulence model led to the determination that the use of sister holes significantly improves adiabatic effectiveness by countering the primary vortical flow structure. Research was performed to determine the optimal hole configuration, arriving at the conclusion that placing sister holes slightly downstream of the primary injection hole improves the near-hole effectiveness, while placing sister holes slightly upstream of the primary hole improves downstream effectiveness. On the whole, the sister hole approach to film cooling was found to offer viable improvements over standard cooling regimes.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Flow control

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