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Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer of Impingement Cooling on Model of Turbine Blade Leading Edge

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhao Liu, Zhenping Feng, Liming Song

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China

Paper No. GT2010-23711, pp. 657-674; 18 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23711
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In this paper a numerical simulation is performed to simulate the impingement cooling on internal leading edge region, which is stretched by the middle cross section of the first stage rotor blade of GE-E3 engine high pressure turbine, and in the condition that jets flow is ejected from a row of four different diameter circular nozzles. The relative performances of three versions of turbulence models including the RNG κ-ε model, the standard κ-ω model and the SST κ-ω model in the simulation of a row of circle jet impingement heat transfer are compared with available experimental data. The results show that SST κ-ω model is the best one based on simulation accuracy. Then the SST κ-ω model is adopted for the simulation. The grid independence study is also carried out by using the Richardson extrapolation method. A single array of circle jets is arranged to investigate the impingement cooling and its effectiveness. Four different jet nozzle diameters are studied and seven different inlet flow Mach numbers of each jet nozzle diameter are calculated. The influence of the ratio of the spacing of jet nozzle from the target surface to the jet nozzle diameter on impingement cooling is also studied, in case of a constant ratio of jet spacing to jet nozzle diameter in different jet nozzle diameters. The results indicate that the heat transfer coefficient on the turbine blade leading edge increases with the increase of jet Mach number and jet nozzle diameter, the spanwise area weight average Nusselt number decreases with the increase of the ratio of the spacing of jet nozzle from the target surface to jet nozzle diameter, and a lower ratio of spacing of jet nozzle from the target surface to the jet nozzle diameter is desirable to improve the performance of impingement cooling on turbine leading edge.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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