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Prediction of the Influence of Upstream Wake Passing on Downstream Blade Row External Heat Transfer Coefficient: A New Physically-Based Method

[+] Author Affiliations
K. S. Chana

QinetiQ Ltd., Farnborough, Hampshire, UK

B. R. Haller

Alstom Power, Rugby, UK

Paper No. GT2010-23314, pp. 517-524; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23314
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

For gas turbines, accurate prediction of the external heat transfer coefficient on the high pressure (HP) turbine rotor blades is of immense importance, as this component is critical and operates at material limits. Furthermore the external heat load is the governing boundary condition for the design of the internal cooling system of the blade. There is a continuous drive to increase the turbine entry temperature to increase the cycle efficiency, whilst developing blade cooling systems with higher efficiency (i.e. using less cooling air). A new systematic procedure has been developed and validated to predict the external heat transfer to a blade surface. The procedure allows for the unsteady effects caused by the passing of upstream nozzle guide vane (NGV) wakes. The early part of the suction surface was shown to have a pessimistic prediction of external heat transfer coefficient which resulted in unnecessary over-cooling of the blade in this region. The heat transfer aspect is found from the well-known TEXSTAN differential boundary layer method, developed by Mike Crawford at Texas University from the original approach of Spalding & Patankar. The method is validated against the MT1 turbine tested in the QinetiQ Turbine Test Facility. Predictions and comparisons have also been carried out on the VKI turbine stage. The level of agreement with the test data is shown to be good.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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