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Effects of Pin Detached Space on Heat Transfer and From Pin Fin Arrays

[+] Author Affiliations
Sin Chien Siw, Minking K. Chyu

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA

Tom I.-P. Shih

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Mary Anne Alvin

US DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA

Paper No. GT2010-23227, pp. 491-500; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23227
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Heat transfer and pressure characteristics in a rectangular channel with pin-fin arrays of partial detachment from one of the endwalls have been experimentally studied. The overall channel geometry (W = 101.6 mm, E = 25.4 mm) simulates an internal cooling passage of wide aspect ratio (4:1) in a gas turbine airfoil. With a given pin diameter, D = 6.35 mm = 1/4 E, three different pin-fin height-to-diameter ratios, H/D = 4, 3, and 2, were examined. Each of these three cases corresponds to a specific pin array geometry of detachment spacing (C) between the pin-tip and one of the endwalls, i.e. C/D = 0, 1, 2, respectively. The Reynolds number, based on the hydraulic diameter of the un-obstructed cross-section and the mean bulk velocity, ranges from 10,000 to 25,000. The experiment employs a hybrid technique based on transient liquid crystal imaging to obtain distributions of the local heat transfer coefficient over all of the participating surfaces, including the endwalls and all the pin elements. Experimental results reveal that the presence of a detached space between the pin-tip and the endwall have a significant effect on the convective heat transfer and pressure loss in the channel. The presence of pin-to-endwall spacing promotes wall-flow interaction, generates additional separated shear layers, and augments turbulent transport. In general, an increase in detached spacing, or C/D leads to lower heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop. However, C/D = 1, i.e. H/D = 3, of a staggered array configuration exhibits the highest heat transfer enhancement, followed by the cases of C/D = 0 and C/D = 2, i.e. H/D = 4 or 2, respectively.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Heat transfer

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