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Numerical Predictions of the Effect of Rotation on Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in an Engine-Similar Two-Pass Internal Cooling Channel With Smooth and Ribbed Walls

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Schüler, H.-M. Dreher, S. O. Neumann, B. Weigand

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

M. Elfert

German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Köln, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22870, pp. 381-393; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22870
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4399-4 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In the present study, a two-pass internal cooling channel with engine-similar cross-sections was investigated numerically. The channel featured a trapezoidal inlet pass, a sharp 180° bend and a nearly rectangular outlet pass. Calculations were conducted for a configuration with smooth walls and walls equipped with 45° skewed ribs (P/e = 10, e/dh = 0.1) at a Reynolds number of Re = 50,000. The present study focused on the effect of rotation on fluid flow and heat transfer. The investigated rotation numbers were Ro = 0.0 and 0.10. The computations were performed by solving the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS method) with the commercial Finite-Volume solver FLUENT using a low-Re k-ω-SST turbulence model. The numerical grids were block-structured hexahedral meshes generated with POINTWISE. Flow field measurements were independently performed at DLR using Particle Image Velocimetry. In the smooth channel rotation had a large impact on secondary flows. Especially, rotation induced vortices completely changed the flow field. Rotation also changed flow impingement on tip and outlet pass side wall. Heat transfer in the outlet pass was strongly altered by rotation. In contrast to the smooth channel, rotation showed less influence on heat transfer in the ribbed channel. This is due to a strong secondary flow field induced by the ribs. However, in the outlet pass Coriolis force markedly affected the rib induced secondary flow field. The influence of rotation on heat transfer was visible in particular in the bend region and in the second pass directly downstream of the bend.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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