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FT8-3 Advanced Low Emissions Combustor Design

[+] Author Affiliations
Urmila C. Reddy, Christine E. Blanchard

Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT

Barry C. Schlein

Belcan, Pratt & Whitney Operations, East Hartford, CT

Paper No. GT2010-23792, pp. 1337-1343; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23792
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by United Technologies Corporation

abstract

Pratt & Whitney has developed a novel water-injected Industrial Gas Turbine (IGT) combustor liner design that has demonstrated significant reduction in CO emissions when compared to typical film cooled combustor designs. The CO reduction demonstrated in a prototype test shows that the CO quenching due to cooler film temperatures near the liner wall is a significant source of CO emissions in a conventional water-injected combustor operating on natural gas fuel. This finding paved the way for a combustor design that reduces CO emissions while still maintaining low levels of NOx emissions. This design also has potential for lower NOx since the low CO emissions characteristic enables increased water-injection. This paper presents the emissions characteristics measured on prototype hardware and the design of the engine hardware for future validation. Significant reduction in gaseous emissions was demonstrated with the testing of a prototype at the United Technologies Research Center in East Hartford, CT. This reduction in emissions compared to the baseline film-cooled design for a given operating condition has many benefits to the customer, including reduced need for exhaust catalyst cleanup and extended operating times while still meeting site permits specified in CO tons per year. Other benefits may include the ability to guarantee lower NOx emissions through increased water injection for the current CO emissions output.

Copyright © 2010 by United Technologies Corporation

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