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Active Control of Combustion Instabilities in a Matrix Burner Using Primary and Pilot Fuel and Acoustic Forcing

[+] Author Affiliations
Dieter Bohn, Nils Ohlendorf, Frank Weidner, James F. Willie

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-23751, pp. 1323-1335; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Lean premixed flames applied in modern gas turbines leads to reduce NOx emissions, but at the same time they are more susceptible to combustion instabilities than diffusion flames. These oscillations cause pressure fluctuations with high amplitudes and unacceptable noise as well as the risk of component or even engine failure. They can lead to pockets of fuel being formed in the mixing chamber and to bad mixing, which leads to increase in emissions. This paper reports the successful decoupling of the pressure and heat release inside the combustion chamber of a matrix burner using two actuation techniques. This led to the successful attenuation of the dominant instability modes occurring inside the combustor of the matrix burner. In the first case, acoustic forcing was used to decouple the pressure and the heat release inside the combustor. This was achieved by using a loudspeaker to modulate the primary air mass flow. This was followed by using acoustic forcing in CFD to decouple the pressure and heat release inside the combustor. For the action of the loudspeaker, sinusoidal forcing was used to mimic the modulation action of the diaphragm of the loudspeaker. In the second case, a fast gaseous “on-off” injector was used to modulate the primary fuel mass flow. After this, pilot fuel modulation was used to stabilize the flame. The control law governing the primary and pilot fuel modulation is discussed in details. The effect of open loop control on NOx emissions in the burner is also reported and discussed.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Fuels , Acoustics



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