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Effects of Fuel Nozzle Condition on Gas Turbine Combustion Chamber Exit Temperature Distributions

[+] Author Affiliations
Kristen Bishop

Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

William Allan

Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. GT2010-23441, pp. 1147-1157; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


The effects of fuel nozzle condition on the temperature distributions experienced by the nozzle guide vanes have been investigated using an optical patternator. Average spray cone angle, symmetry, and fuel streaks were quantified. An ambient pressure and temperature combustion chamber test rig was used to capture exit temperature distributions and to determine the pattern factor. The rig tests matched representative engine operating conditions by matching Mach number, equivalence ratio, and fuel droplet size. It was observed that very small deviations (± 10° in spray cone angle) from a nominal distribution in the fuel nozzle spray pattern correlated to increases in pattern factor, apparently due to a degradation of mixing processes, which created larger regions of very high temperature core flow and smaller regions of cooler temperatures within the combustion chamber exit plane. The spray cone angle had the most measureable influence while the effects of spray roundness and streak intensity had slightly less influence. Comparisons were made with published studies conducted on the combustion chamber geometry, and recommendations were made for fuel nozzle inspections.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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