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Measurements of Equivalence Ratio Fluctuations in a Lean Premixed Gas Turbine Combustor Using an IR Absorption Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Hyung Ju Lee, Kyu Tae Kim, Jong Guen Lee, Bryan D. Quay, Domenic A. Santavicca

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

Paper No. GT2010-23424, pp. 1137-1146; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


An experimental study was conducted to estimate and confirm equivalence ratio fluctuations at the inlet of a lean premixed gas turbine combustor. Fuel injectors were placed at several locations in the mixing section of the combustor, in order to produce different instability characteristics due to the equivalence ratio fluctuations. An IR absorption technique was used to measure the equivalence ratio fluctuations at the inlet of the dump combustor. The measured IR signals were processed in two different ways and the results were compared to confirm the two calibrated equivalence ratio signals. The processed data showed that the two processing methods gave very similar results, and the phase of the measured equivalence ratio fluctuations at the combustor inlet by the IR absorption technique agreed well with that of equivalence ratio fluctuations predicted by time lags in the mixing section. It was, however, not possible to accurately predict the magnitude of the equivalence ratio fluctuations at the combustor inlet by the time lag analysis because the equivalence ratio fluctuations generataed at the fuel injection location is changed by mixing and diffusion as the fuel is convected through the combustor.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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