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Combustion Under Flue Gas Recirculation Conditions in a Gas Turbine Lean Premix Burner

[+] Author Affiliations
André Burdet, Thierry Lachaux, Marta de la Cruz García

Alstom Power, Baden, Switzerland

Dieter Winkler

University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2010-23396, pp. 1083-1091; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23396
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by Alstom Technology, Ltd.

abstract

An EV burner as installed in Alstom’s dry low NOx gas turbines was experimentally investigated under different Flue Gas Recirculation (FGR) and engine conditions. FGR enables the reduction of the high exhaust volume flow while significantly increasing the exhaust CO2 concentration. This may substantially improve the post-combustion capture of CO2 . However, FGR introduces consequent changes in the gas turbine combustion process mainly because of the oxygen depletion and CO2 increase within the oxidizer. N2 and CO2 were mixed with air in order to obtain at the burner inlet a synthetic oxidizer mixture reproducing O2 and CO2 levels spanning different FGR levels of interest for engine operation. In addition, various degrees of unmixedness of the reactive mixture were investigated by varying the ratio of fuel injected at different port locations in the investigated burner set. Stable operation was achieved in all tested conditions. The lean premix flame shifts downstream when O2 is depleted due to the decrease of the reactivity, although it always stays well within the combustion chamber. The potential for NOx reduction when using FGR is demonstrated. Changes of the NOx formation mechanism are described and compared to the experimental data for validation. Unmixedness appears to be less detrimental to NOx emission when under high FGR ratio. However, CO emission is shown to increase when FGR ratio is increased. Meanwhile, with the present gas turbine combustor, the CO emission follows the equilibrium limit even at high FGR ratio. Interestingly, it is observed that when the burner inlet pressure is increased (and consequently the inlet burner temperature), the increase of CO emission due to FGR is lowered while the NOx emission stays at a very low level. This present an argument for using a higher cycle pressure in gas turbines optimized for FGR operation.

Copyright © 2010 by Alstom Technology, Ltd.

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