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Combination of 1D Code and CFD for Performance Analysis of a Silo Type Gas Turbine Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
N. Rasooli, S. Besharat Shafiei, H. Khaledi

Middle-East Petrogas Co., Tehran, Iran

Paper No. GT2010-23319, pp. 1015-1023; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-23319
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Whereas Gas Turbines are the most important producers of Propulsion and Power in the world and with attention to the importance of combustion chamber as one of the three basic components of Gas Turbine, various activities in different levels have been done on this component. Because of the environmental limitations and laws related to the pollutants such as NOx and CO, Lean Premixed Combustion Chambers are specially considered in gas turbine industries. This study is part of a Multi-Layer simulation of the whole gas turbine cycle in MPG Company. In this work, the combination of a general 1D code and CFD is used for deriving appropriate performance curves for a 1D and 0D gas turbine design, off-design and dynamic cycle code. This 1D code is a general code which has been developed for different combustion chambers; annular, can-annular, can type and silo type combustion chambers. The purpose of generating this 1D code is the possibility of fast analysis of combustors in different operating conditions and reaching required outputs. This 1D code is a part of a general simulation 1D code for gas turbine and was used for a silo type combustor performance prediction. This code generates required quantities such as pressure loss, exit temperature, liner temperature and mass distribution through the combustion chamber. Mass distribution and pressure loss are analyzed and determined with an electrical analogy. Results derived from 1D code are validated with empirical data available for different combustors. There is appropriate agreement between these experimental and analytical results. Drag coefficients for liner holes are available from experimental data and for burner are calculated as a curve with CFD simulations. What differs this code from other 1D codes for gas turbine combustors is the advantage of using combustion efficiencies evolved from numerical simulation results in different loads. These efficiencies are determined with CFD simulations and are available as maps and inserted into the gas temperature calculation algorithm of 1D code. In other 1D codes in this field, empirical correlations are used for combustion efficiency determination. Combustion efficiency curves for design and off-design conditions in this study are achieved by 2D and 3D simulation of combustion chamber with application of EBU/Finite Rate model and 8 step reactions of CH4 burning. Diffusion flame in low loads and premixed flame in high loads are considered. Flame stability and Lean Blow Out charts are evolved from CFD simulation and Heat transfer is applied with empirical correlations.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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