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Utilization of Cold-Flow Numerical Simulation With Overset Grid Method in Development Process of Aeroengine Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Mitsumasa Makida, Osamu Nozaki

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chofu, Tokyo, Japan

Naoki Nakamura

Advanced Science & Intelligence Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. GT2010-23089, pp. 895-905; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


In the TechCLEAN project of JAXA, a combustor for a small aircraft engine has been developed. The combustor was tuned to show the behavior of the Rich-Lean combustion through combustion tests under atmospheric and practical conditions. In the development process of the combustor, numerical simulation methods were also utilized as analysis tools to accelerate the development of the combustor. To use in the screening process of the combustor design, we focused on cost-effective simulation methods and adopted the cold-flow RANS simulation code UPACS which has been developed in JAXA. And to simplify the treatment of calculation grids of the combustor with complicated configuration, we also utilized combination of the overset grid method with the attached multi-block grid method. This simulation method was applied to three phases in the combustor development process; first to the analysis of the combustor configuration to adjust the overall pressure loss, secondly to the analysis of flame stability, and thirdly to the tuning of air flow ratio to optimize emission characteristics of full annular combustors. Finally, the full annular combustor was successively tuned to reduce NOx emissions to 38.1% of the ICAO CAEP4 standard under ICAO LTO cycles, also sustaining basic performances as an aircraft combustor.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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