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Experimental Study on the Influence of Pressure and Temperature on the Burning Velocity and Markstein Number of Jet A-1 Kerosene

[+] Author Affiliations
Vlade Vukadinovic, Peter Habisreuther, Nikolaos Zarzalis

University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22535, pp. 441-450; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22535
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

For accurate prediction of the laminar flame front propagation the influence of the stretch effect on the burning velocity has to be considered. Thus, only burning velocity and Markstein number together give complete information about the laminar flame front behavior. The Markstein number quantifies the influence of the stretch effect on the burning velocity and accordingly, indicates the flame front stability. Due to the analogy between the laminar and the turbulent flames these two parameters, laminar burning velocity and Markstein number must be also considered as essential for describing the turbulent flame front stability [1]. Nevertheless, the experimental data of commercial liquid fuels regarding these parameters are scarce, especially at elevated pressure. Combustion characteristics (laminar burning velocity and Markstein number) of Kerosene Jet A-1 are investigated experimentally in an explosion bomb vessel. For this purpose an optical laser method is employed based on the Mie-scattering of the laser light by smoke particles. Unlike analogous experiments conducted with gaseous fuels [1], the major challenge connected with the present experiments arises from the liquid state of the investigated fuel at ambient condition. Thus, a main difficulty in the present experiments is pre-evaporation of the fuel and achieving of homogeneous gaseous fuel/air mixture prior to ignition. This is solved by mounting a heating system into the walls of the bomb vessel that provides a homogeneous temperature distribution in the vessel and therewith of the mixture itself. The experimental investigation is practically done through the following steps: heating the vessel up to the requested temperature; filling the vessel with an appropriate mixture by the partial pressure method (providing a fuel in gaseous state through the liquid fuel injection and its instantaneous evaporation due to the elevated temperature); attaining an uniform mixture by means of fans; ignition and acquisition of the data; post-processing and data analyses. Within the experimental study influence on the burning velocity and Markstein number of three crucial parameters — initial temperature, initial pressure and mixture composition — are investigated. Observed results for the burning velocity and Markstein number follow the theoretically expected tendencies resulting from the variation of the initial parameters in almost all cases. Where that was not the case the reasons for discrepancies are discussed. Impact of the results on emissions influenced by different operating modes of jet turbines is considered. Due to the common substitution of the kerosene with n-decane in numerical simulations their burning velocities are compared.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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