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Spark Ignition Simulations and the Generation of Ignition Maps by Means of a Turbulent Flame Speed Closure Approach

[+] Author Affiliations
Jan M. Boyde, Massimiliano Di Domenico, Berthold Noll, Manfred Aigner

German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22211, pp. 91-101; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22211
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4397-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents a numerical investigation of ignition phenomena in turbulent partially premixed methane/air flames. In this work, a turbulent flame speed closure model (TFC) is employed with an ignition delay module extension. The model is applied to two partially premixed test cases under standard conditions in the configuration of a shearless flame and a counter flow flame, respectively. For both setups, the flame kernel propagation and consequent establishment or extinction of the flame are examined. A shearless configuration represents the first test case under investigation. The study demonstrates the large influence of the mean flow parameters on achieving a successful ignition of the domain. The second test case under examination is a counterflow geometry. A sensitivity analysis with respect to spark ignition position and ignition energy is performed. The simulations show that flame kernel spreading is largely influenced by the magnitude of turbulence occurring in the flow, leading to an enhanced propagation in areas with a moderate turbulence degree, whereas high turbulence can be detrimental for the flame establishment due to extensive heat losses. Another observation is that a successful ignition of the domain can occur, even in cases in which the ignition energy is not placed in an area with flammable mixture. The comparison with experimental data shows a good agreement, both in terms of successful ignition and flame kernel propagation.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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