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Evaluation of Turbine Airfoil Cooling Holes by Transient Infrared Methods

[+] Author Affiliations
Jason R. Allen, Jared M. Crosby

GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY

Christopher J. Uhl, Bianca M. McCartt

GE Aviation, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. GT2010-23670, pp. 1053-1062; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Ceramics; Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Education; Electric Power; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4396-3 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Design margins in film-cooled turbine airfoils continue to shrink as specific fuel consumption and performance requirements drive new cooling technology. As a consequence, today’s airfoil heat transfer designs are more sensitive to engine aerodynamic and thermal loads, hot gas path profiles, and manufacturing variability than previous designs. Compounding the challenges of airfoil heat transfer design has been the continued use of inspection practices developed for legacy designs. Advancement of thermal inspection techniques for today’s advanced thermally sensitive airfoils needs to be addressed and advanced in conjunction with advanced cooling designs. Infrared non-destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques offer a number of solutions to inspect turbine airfoils for proper thermal performance before entry into service and during inservice repair. A prototype infrared inspection system demonstrated detection of blocked film cooling holes in turbine airfoils. The system implements IR thermal transient techniques to identify flawed film holes based on the IR thermal signature obtained for each film hole. Furthermore, the approach utilizes robotics, system automation, image processing, and a simple algorithm to discern flawed holes reliably. Traditionally, identifying blocked and undersized holes is manually performed with undersized pin gauges and water flow visualization. These manual processes are qualitative and subject to operator interpretation. Conversely, the IR approach eliminates operator subjectivity by using quantitative metrics. This approach resulted in a 35% reduction in inspection cycle time permitting reallocation of operators to value added tasks; thereby reducing manufacturing and inspection costs. Beyond these initial benefits, the approach used provides a basis for continued developments in turbine airfoil NDE inspection and heat transfer technology development.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Turbines , Airfoils



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