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Limited Qualification Tests of an F404 Engine With Blended Fischer Tropsch SPK and NATO F-34 Fuel

[+] Author Affiliations
Rastko Hadzic, Jeffrey Bird, Wajid A. Chishty

National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Darrin Little

Department of National Defence Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Pierre Poitras

Quality Engineering Test Establishment, Gatineau, QC, Canada

Paper No. GT2010-23402, pp. 353-365; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Ceramics; Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Education; Electric Power; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4396-3 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada


The purpose of this project was to compare the performance and operability of 50% Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (SPK) and 50% NATO F-34 (JP-8) blend and 100% Jet A-1 in a General Electric F404-400 augmented turbofan engine in the configuration currently in use with the Canadian Forces (CF). The paper describes the main test elements to simulate several aspects of CF use of the engine like acceptance testing, post-overhaul tests, performance (steady state and transient), operability, and durability. An abbreviated endurance test is described as is the special condition monitoring instrumentation. In addition, limited combustor and augmentor combustion stability tests were conducted and some results are described. Fuel properties are documented for reference. The linkage with and support of members of The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) is highlighted in terms of joint development of the test plans and sharing the results. Discussions of needs for future limited alternative fuel qualification tests are also presented.

Copyright © 2010 by Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada
Topics: Fuels , Engines



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