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Numerical Analysis of the Acoustic Transfer Behaviour of Pressure Ducts Utilised for Microphone Measurements in Combustion Chambers

[+] Author Affiliations
Jean-Michel Lourier, Axel Widenhorn, Berthold Noll, Michael Stöhr, Manfred Aigner

German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. GT2010-22805, pp. 265-273; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2010-22805
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2010: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Ceramics; Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Education; Electric Power; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4396-3 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3872-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Acoustic measurements within combustion chambers are expensive due to high thermal loads applied on the measurement devices at operating conditions. As a more feasible substitute, pressure ducts can be used to lead acoustic waves from combustion chambers to externally mounted microphones. Since these pressure ducts are purged by nitrogen at atmospheric temperature, high thermal loads are avoided. However, the acoustic signal measured within the pressure ducts is altered compared to the signal within the combustion chamber. This change in the acoustic signal can be characterised by means of the acoustic transfer function of the pressure duct, which mainly depends on the pressure ducts geometry and the combustion chambers temperature distribution. The main subject of the present paper is to analyse the influence of the combustion chambers temperature distribution on the acoustic transfer function of pressure ducts. For this scope, experiments at standard conditions and transient CFD simulations for different temperature distributions have been carried out. The acoustic signal measured in the pressure duct is found to be amplified with increasing temperatures within the combustion chamber. Moreover this amplification grows with increasing frequency of the acoustic signals.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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