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Modeling of a SOFC-GT Hybrid Power Plant With Anode Recycling

[+] Author Affiliations
Denver Cheddie, Renique Murray

University of Trinidad and Tobago, Couva, Trinidad and Tobago

Paper No. ES2010-90128, pp. 11-20; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2010-90128
From:
  • ASME 2010 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability
  • ASME 2010 4th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Volume 2
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, May 17–22, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4395-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3871-6
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Power generation using gas turbine power plants operating on the Brayton cycle suffers from low efficiencies and high irreversibilities. In this work, a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is proposed for integration into a 10 MW gas turbine power plant, operating at 30% electrical efficiency (13.7% second law efficiency). The SOFC system entails anode recycling to enable self sustaining reformation reactions, thus alleviating the need for an external water supply and steam generation unit. It also utilizes turbine outlet heat recovery to ensure a sufficiently high SOFC operating temperature. The power output of the hybrid plant is 26.2 MW at 63.4% efficiency (35.3% second law efficiency). The hybrid plant performs best when 70–80% anode recycling is used. A thermo-economic model predicts a payback period of 4.6 years, based on future projected SOFC cost estimates.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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