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A Remediation Scheme to Global Warming: Engineering Biodegradable Aerosols With Maximum Scattering Potential

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel Attinger

Columbia University

Brendan Green

State University of New York at Stony Brook

Paper No. IMECE2006-14930, pp. 361-365; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-14930
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 3
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4786-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

This exploratory study evaluates the following moderation scheme against global warming: deploying nanoparticles in the atmosphere in order to scatter a tiny amount of sunlight (1% or 2W/m2 ) up to space. Such a strategy could be a last-resort method to counteract unbearable effects of global warming. For particles made of a wide range of known materials, the scattering ability is defined to quantify how efficient the particle is at scattering sunlight. This scattering ability is a function of the particle radius and index of refraction, and is calculated by an in-house numerical code solving the Mie scattering equations. The code is validated against scattering calculations for SO2 particles published by Schwartz[1]. Our calculations show that an optimum particle size exists, which would minimize the amounts to be deployed in the atmosphere. Also, we evaluate the deployment of biodegradable nanoparticles, which would counteract global warming and minimize dangers related to their redeposition.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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