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Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer in a Single-Phase Micro-Pin-Fin Heat Sink

[+] Author Affiliations
Abel M. Siu Ho, Weilin Qu

University of Hawaii at Manoa

Frank Pfefferkorn

University of Wisconsin at Madison

Paper No. IMECE2006-14777, pp. 213-220; 8 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 3
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4786-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The pressure drop and heat transfer characteristics of a single-phase micro-pin-fin heat sink were investigated experimentally. Fabricated from 110 copper, the heat sink consisted of 1950 staggered micro-pins with 200×200 μm2 cross-section by 670 μm height. Deionized water was employed as the cooling liquid. A coolant inlet temperature of 25°C, and two heat flux levels, q" eff = 50 W/cm2 and q" eff = 100 W/cm2 , defined relative to the planform area of the heat sink, were tested. The inlet Reynolds number ranged from 93 to 634 for q" eff = 50 W/cm2 , and 127 to 634 for q" eff = 100 W/cm2 . The measured pressure drop and temperature distribution were used to evaluate average friction factor and local averaged heat transfer coefficient/Nusselt number. Predictions of the Moores and Joshi friction factor correlation and the Chyu et al. heat transfer correlation that were developed using macro-size pin-fin arrays were compared to micro-pin-fin heat sink data. While the Moores and Joshi correlation provide acceptable predictions, the Chyu et al. correlation overpredicted local Nusselt number data by a fairly large margin. These findings point to the need for further study of single-phase thermal/fluid transport process in micro-pin-fin heat sinks.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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