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Effect of Superposition on Spanwise Film-Cooling Effectiveness Distribution on a Gas Turbine Blade

[+] Author Affiliations
Shantanu Mhetras, Je-Chin Han

Texas A&M University

Paper No. IMECE2006-15084, pp. 477-487; 11 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 2
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4785-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The effect of film cooling holes placed along the span of high pressure turbine blade in a 5 bladed linear cascade on film cooling effectiveness is studied using the Pressure Sensitive Paint (PSP) technique. Four rows of film cooling holes are provided on the pressure side while two such rows are provided on the suction side of the blade. Around 22 cylindrical holes with a diameter of 0.65mm are drilled in each row at a compound angle of 45° to the blade span in the radial direction and at 45° in the axial direction. Film cooling effectiveness over the entire blade region is determined from full coverage film cooling with coolant blowing from all rows and from each individual row. The effect of superposition of film cooling effectiveness from each individual row is then compared with full coverage film cooling. The coolant is injected at four different average blowing ratios of 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 and 1.5. The free stream Reynolds number, based on the axial chord length and the exit velocity, is 750,000 and the inlet and the exit Mach numbers are 0.27 and 0.44, respectively resulting in a blade pressure ratio of 1.14. Turbulence intensity level at the cascade inlet is 6% with an integral length scale of around 5cm. Results show that the effectiveness magnitudes from superposition of effectiveness data from individual rows are comparable with that from full coverage film cooling. Varying blowing ratios can have a significant impact on film-cooling effectiveness distribution with a blowing ratio of 0.6 showing highest effectiveness immediately downstream of the holes.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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