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CO2 Flow Boiling Heat Transfer and Flow Pattern at Low Temperatures in Horizontal Smooth Tubes

[+] Author Affiliations
C. Y. Park, P. S. Hrnjak

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Paper No. IMECE2006-15184, pp. 355-362; 8 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 2
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4785-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


In this study, flow boiling heat transfer coefficients and flow patterns CO2 are examined in horizontal smooth tubes with inner diameter 6.1 and 3.5 mm at low temperatures. In order to measure the heat transfer coefficients, the test tube was heated by two brass pieces maintained a higher temperature than CO2 by a secondary fluid. Flow visualization was carried out at adiabatic conditions. This research was performed at evaporation temperatures of -15 and -30 °C, mass flux from 100 to 400 kg/m2 s, and heat flux from 5 to 15 kW/m2 for vapor qualities ranging from 0.1 to 0.8. The CO2 heat transfer coefficients for the 6.1 and 3.5 mm tubes had nucleate boiling dominant heat transfer characteristics such as the strong dependence on heat fluxes. However, enhanced convective boiling contribution was presented for the 3.5 mm tube at 400 kg/m2 s. The presented heat transfer coefficients indicated the reduction of heat transfer coefficient as mass flux increased at low quality regions and also showed that dryout did not occur until the high quality region of 0.8, for mass fluxes of 200 and 400 kg/m2 s. The measured heat transfer coefficients were compared with predicted values with some general correlations to predict flow boiling heat transfer coefficients. The pictures of visualized flow patterns were presented and the flow patterns were compared with a flow pattern map. They were used to explain the relation between the flow boiling heat transfer coefficient and vapor quality at the mass flux of 100 kg/m2 s.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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