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Predictive Evolution of Fuel From a Liquid Pool Fire: Phenomenology Identification and Ranking Exercise

[+] Author Affiliations
Alexander L. Brown, Walter Gill, Carlos Lopez

Sandia National Laboratories

Paper No. IMECE2006-15157, pp. 99-108; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-15157
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 2
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4785-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

A liquid pool fire evaporates the liquid fuel at a rate that is governed by heat and mass transport. Predictive evolution of vaporized fuel from a pool can be obtained only by applying the correct boundary conditions and modeling the significant physics of the pool. However, pool fires can occur in a variety of configurations, and the significant physics of a fire change depending on the environment of the fire. Sandia National Laboratories has invested in fire experiments and modeling for a wide variety of scales and configurations over the last 40 years, and an accumulation of this knowledge can be applied to assessing the relative importance of various phenomena. This paper consolidates existing knowledge in the context of phenomena identification and ranking in order to guide future efforts aimed at improving the quantitative predictive capabilities of liquid fuel pool models. Ultimately, the intent is to converge to a predictive model of a liquid pool fire that can be implemented in a CFD model and confidently applied to risk assessment studies.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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