0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effects of H2-Enrichment on the Propagation Characteristics of CH4-Air Flames

[+] Author Affiliations
Alejandro M. Briones, Suresh K. Aggarwal

University of Illinois at Chicago

Vishwanath R. Katta

Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.

Paper No. IMECE2006-15148, pp. 89-97; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-15148
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 2
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4785-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The propagation of H2 -enriched CH4 -air triple flames in a nonpremixed jet is investigated numerically. The flames are ignited in a nonuniform jet-mixing layer downstream of the burner. A comprehensive, time-dependent computational model is used to simulate the transient ignition and flame propagation phenomena. The model employs a detailed description of methane-air chemistry and transport properties. Following ignition a well-defined flame is formed that propagates upstream towards the burner along the stoichiometric mixture fraction line. As the flame propagates upstream, the flame speed, which is defined as the normal flamefront velocity at the leading edge with respect to the local gas velocity, increases above or decreases below to the corresponding unstretched laminar flame speed of the stoichiometric planar premixed flame. Although the flame curvature varies as a function of axial position, the flame curvature remains nearly constant for a given flame. As hydrogen is added to the fuel stream the flame curvature during flame propagation remains nearly constant. During the flame propagation process, the hydrodynamic stretch dominates over the curvature-induced stretch. Hydrogen increases the heat release and the component of the velocity perpendicular to the flame increases across the surface, whereas the tangential component remains unchanged. This jump in the perpendicular velocity component bends the velocity vector toward the stoichiometric mixture fraction line. This redirection of the flow is accommodated by the divergence of the streamlines ahead of the flame, resulting in the decrease of the velocity and increase in the hydrodynamic stretch.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Flames , Methane

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In