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Verification and Validation Studies for a Laminar Non-Premixed Methane/Air Flame

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Gokaltun, P. V. Skudarnov, C. X. Lin

Florida International University

Paper No. IMECE2006-15086, pp. 61-67; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-15086
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 2
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4785-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, verification and validation analysis for a nonpremixed methane/air laminar flame is presented. Numerical results were obtained using the finite volume method on structured grids. The verification of the numerical solutions was performed by using the Grid Convergence Index (GCI) and Richardson extrapolation techniques. A set of three different grids is used to calculate the error due to discretization where each grid was generated by doubling the number of cells in each direction of the coarser grid. The local value of GCI was used to calculate the observed order of convergence of the numerical method for local values of temperature and mass fractions of reaction products at various points along the flow domain. The largest error band at the finest grid solution was observed to be 4.6% for the static temperature, 0.5% for the mass fraction of methane and 2.9% for the mass fraction of water vapor. Finally the numerical results were validated with experimental data using the local measurements of temperature and species mass fractions. The results indicate that there is relatively good agreement between the present results and experimental data although a simple one-step reaction model was used for the methane/air combustion. The average deviation was found to be around 25%, 21% and 10% for temperature, methane mass fraction and water vapor mass fraction respectively.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Flames , Methane

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