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Critical Heat Flux Measurement and Model for Refrigerant-123 Under Stabilized Flow Conditions in Microchannels

[+] Author Affiliations
Wai Keat Kuan

IBM Corporation

Satish G. Kandlikar

Rochester Institute of Technology

Paper No. IMECE2006-13310, pp. 285-295; 11 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 1
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4784-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The present work is aimed toward understanding the effect of flow boiling stability on critical heat flux (CHF) with Refrigerant-123 (R-123) in microchannel passages. Experimental data and theoretical model to predict the CHF are the focus of this work. The experimental test section has six parallel microchannels with each having a cross sectional area of 1054 × 157 μm2 . The effect of flow instabilities in microchannels is investigated using flow restrictors at the inlet of each microchannel to stabilize the flow boiling process and avoid the backflow phenomena. This technique resulted in successfully stabilizing the flow boiling process as seen through a high-speed camera. The present CHF result is found to correlate to mean absolute error (MAE) of 24.1% with a macroscale empirical equation by Katto [13]. A theoretical analysis of flow boiling phenomena revealed that the ratio of evaporation momentum to surface tension forces is an important parameter. For the first time, a theoretical CHF model is proposed using these underlying forces to represent CHF mechanism in microchannels, and its correlation agrees with the experimental data with MAE of 2.5%.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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