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Lapping and Superfinishing Effects on Hypoid Gears Surface Finish and Transmission Errors

[+] Author Affiliations
Jack Masseth

American Axle and Manufacturing Inc., Detroit, MI

Mohsen Kolivand

Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. DETC2007-34010, pp. 759-765; 7 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 7: 10th International Power Transmission and Gearing Conference
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, September 4–7, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4808-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3806-4
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


There are several geometric and working parameters, besides offset, that have minor effects on hypoid gears efficiency (i.e. spiral angle, pressure angle, lubricant type & temperature, surface finish, etc.). Some theoretical analyses of mechanical efficiency of hypoid gears show that surface finish has considerable effect on hypoid gear efficiency. This is due to a high sliding to rolling ratio in these types of gears. In this paper, a study on measuring of surface finish of both ring gear and pinion will be presented. Moreover, the effects of lapping and superfinishing on surface finish will be discussed. Using an accurate form-measuring machine, surface finish measurements were done on several experimentally produced hypoid gear pairs. Despite the fact that lapping is expected to improve the surface finish, measurement results show that ring gear’s surface finish becomes worse (roughness increased) after lapping while no consistent results for pinion surface finish were observed. However, it will be shown that lapping decreases transmission errors for both sides (drive and coast). Utilizing a Gleason single flank tester (SFT) 600HTT it will be shown experimentally that transmission errors up to the second harmonics for both sides will be decreased. In addition, it can be seen that lapping decreases surface finish variation among gear sets. As an expansion of the previous study [1] by the authors on lapping effects on surface finish and transmission errors, this paper will also present the effects of the superfinishing process on hypoid gears surface finish and transmission errors. This study shows the result of measurements taken before and after superfinishing, although superfinishing improves surface finish drastically it will be shown that surface finish quality will be decreased when gear sets are rolled together.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Grinding , Finishes , Gears , Errors



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